What supplements do hypertension and diabetes eat ? 𝐁𝐥𝐨𝐨𝐝 𝐏𝐫𝐞𝐬𝐬𝐮𝐫𝐞 𝐅𝐀𝐐

We can use low-calorie, high-volume, carbohydrate-containing vegetables such as cucumber, tomato, Chinese cabbage, rape, cabbage, wax gourd, pumpkin, balsam pear, cauliflower, bean sprouts, lettuce and so on to supplement and solve hunger. It is best to adopt the methods of stew, cooking and mixing to achieve the goal of less oil, less salt, light and taste.

Some vegetables and fruits containing fructose can be eaten, such as pumpkins. Although it does not reduce blood sugar, it contains a large amount of pectin cellulose, which will slow down carbohydrate absorption when mixed with starchy foods, and change the speed of intestinal peristalsis, at the same time pectin cellulose forms a gel substance in the intestinal tract, so that digestive enzymes and carbohydrates can be mixed evenly, delaying the intestinal digestion and absorption of monosaccharide substances, to prevent blood sugar from rising too fast after meals can effectively solve the problem of what to eat for diabetes and hypertension.

1. What is the harm of diabetes and hypertension

1.1. Renal function is damaged

Hypertension will accelerate the occurrence and development of diabetic nephropathy, while the progress of diabetic nephropathy will accelerate, which will further increase blood pressure and form a vicious circle. Therefore, patients with diabetes complicated with hypertension are more prone to renal failure.

1.2. Retinal fundus disease

Hypertension causes retinal Arteriosclerosis. With the development of the disease, retinal hemorrhage, exudation and edema may occur, and optic papilla edema may occur in severe cases. It can cause visual impairment of patients, such as unclear vision, deformation or reduction of vision, etc.

1.3. Macrovascular diseases

Hypertension and diabetes are independent risk factors for arteriosclerosis. The risk of two or more risk factors simultaneously increasing arteriosclerosis is multiplied rather than added.

2. Will hypertension lead to shorter life span

As far as the whole hypertension is concerned, we can think that it will shorten people's life span. But when it comes to a patient, the situation is different. Because the course of hypertension is long and the progress is slow, coupled with the progress of medical science, there are a variety of drugs to control blood pressure at present, so if hypertension can be treated correctly and treated reasonably, many patients with hypertension can still enjoy a high life span, and the final cause of death has nothing to do with hypertension.

Why diabetes complicated with hypertension

1. Overweight

The blood volume of overweight people will increase with the increase of body weight, and the blood pressure will also increase accordingly. At the same time, snoring and apnea at night are also the normal conditions for obese people, which will also keep blood pressure high at night and even throughout the day. Therefore, overweight sugar lovers must actively lose weight to "reduce the burden" on cardiovascular diseases ". However, pay attention to weight loss should be gradually promoted on the basis of proper diet control and increased exercise, and should not be eager for success.

2. Improper diet

For example, the dietary salt content in northern China can reach several times of that in the south of Yangtze River, while the Prevalence Rate of hypertension in northern China is also significantly higher than that in southern China. The diet contains more salt, which will make water more retained in the body, thus increasing blood pressure. Long-term hypertension can also lead to arteriosclerosis. At this time, only by using drugs can blood vessels expand and blood pressure drop. It is suggested that sugar lovers should pay attention to low salt in their diet, and gradually develop the eating habit of "light mouth"; Eat meat in a proper amount, and mix meat with vegetables.

3. Improper hypoglycemic

The blood pressure of high-dose insulin users is often relatively high, and hypoglycemia reaction is easy to occur, which is common 3~4 hours after meals or before meals, and is manifested as systemic fever, sweating, heart rate increases and blood pressure increases. There are also some sugar lovers who control sugar too strictly, use hypoglycemic drugs too much or control diet too much.

Dietary attention of patients with diabetes and hypertension

1. Eat less salt

Excessive salt content in human body will increase blood volume and blood viscosity, making blood vessels shrink and blood pressure rise. According to the survey, people who eat more salted fish and Pickles have a higher Incidence Rate of cardiovascular diseases; People who eat more salt have a higher Incidence Rate of hypertension. Patients should avoid eating salted fish, salted vegetables, yellow sauce, ham and other salty objects. If hypertension patients suffer from heart failure, renal dysfunction, edema, oliguria, shortness of breath, cough and asthma, etc., salt intake should be completely stopped.

2. Eat less greasy food

It is mainly to eat less food containing high animal fat and cholesterol, such as pork liver, beef liver, butter, lard, sheepoil, cream, egg yolk, Roe, animal brain, kidney, intestine, etc.

3. Eat more vegetables

Fresh vegetables contain a lot of vitamins to prevent angiosclerosis. Vitamins in vegetables can also keep defecation unobstructed, and celery has certain antihypertensive effect.

4. Limit high salt

Salt is an indispensable substance in cooking, and is also the main source of sodium and chloride ions in human body, which plays an important role in maintaining human life activities. Doctors and nutritionists usually regard restricting patients from eating foods with fast glycemic index as an important method to guide patients in diet treatment, but pay less attention to limiting salt intake.

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