How does hypertension recuperate ? In diet , it's best to keep these seven points in mind .

Hypertension is a common chronic disease and one of the important inducements of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. Therefore, once you get hypertension, you must follow the doctor's advice. Hypertension patients in the diet, eating should be regular, not too full, should not miss meals; food should be diverse; nutrition should be balanced; reduce intake of high salt, high sugar, high fat and other food.

Dietary taboos in patients with hypertension

1. It is mainly composed of cereals

The diet of patients with hypertension should be based on cereals. According to the different activities of each person, the daily intake of cereals and potatoes is also different. For example, for patients with mild to moderate activity, the daily intake of cereals should be 150-400g, in which coarse grains and coarse grains should account for a large proportion, and less or no cereals added with sodium salt, such as salty bread, instant noodles, etc. In addition, patients with hypertension should eat less or do not eat spicy food.

2. Eat animal food in moderation

Patients with hypertension should eat fish, shrimp, eggs, meat and other foods appropriately. It is recommended to eat about 25-50g fish and shrimp, meat and eggs every day. Eat less or no animal food with high sodium, high fat and high cholesterol. Skim or low-fat milk and yogurt are preferred. The daily intake of milk is about 200-300g.

3. Eat some bean products every day

Hypertension patients can eat some soy products every day, such as tofu, soymilk, dried tofu, bean curd, etc., but to avoid eating Douchi, Douban sauce, sufu, stinky tofu, etc.

4. Dundun vegetables, fruit every day

The daily intake of vegetables for patients with hypertension should reach 500g, and at least three varieties or more per day are the best, such as spinach, mustard, lettuce leaves, water spinach, etc.; the daily intake of fruits should reach at least 200g, and at least one variety or more per day is better.

5. Eat nuts often

Patients with hypertension can eat some nuts properly, and the weekly intake should not exceed 50g; however, it should be noted that those with obesity or overweight should pay special attention to excessive fat intake, so as not to induce hypertension, increase weight or lead to weight loss failure.

6. Eat vegetable oil in moderation

In the choice of edible oil, hypertension patients should choose olive oil, rapeseed oil, tea seed oil, soybean oil, corn oil and peanut oil rich in unsaturated fatty acids, and try not to eat animal oil. In addition, eat less or no fried, high fat and trans fat containing foods, such as cakes, snacks or margarine.

7. Don't drink sugary drinks

Patients with hypertension had better not drink sugary drinks, carbonated drinks, strong tea and strong coffee. It is recommended to drink more boiled water, or drink fruit juice and vegetable juice without sugar. In addition, patients with hypertension should drink less or not.

Finally, patients with hypertension complicated with edema and renal insufficiency should adhere to salt free diet; patients with hypertensive crisis or complicated with heart failure should adhere to low sodium diet; patients with hypertension combined with hyperuricemia or gout should limit the intake of purine food; hypertensive patients with anticoagulant drugs such as warfarin should limit the intake of food rich in vitamin K; combined with diabetes Patients with hypertension, chronic kidney disease, pregnancy induced hypertension and child hypertension need to follow the guidance of clinicians and nutritionists.

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