How to regulate hypertension best ? Pay attention to these problems in diet .

Hypertension is a common chronic disease and one of the important causes of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. Therefore, once you have hypertension, you must follow the doctor's advice. In terms of diet, patients with hypertension should eat regularly, and should not be too full or missed; Food should be diversified; Nutrition should be balanced; Reduce the intake of foods with high salt, high sugar, high fat, etc. How to regulate hypertension best?

1. Advocating vegetarian diet can reduce blood pressure of hypertension patients. Therefore, the diet of hypertension patients should be light and high vitamin, high cellulose, high calcium, low fat and low cholesterol. Total fat is less than 30% of total calories, and protein accounts for about 15% of total calories. Advocate eating more coarse grains, coarse grains, fresh vegetables, fruits, bean products, lean meat, fish, chicken and other foods, advocate vegetable oil, eat less lard, greasy food, white sugar, spicy, strong tea, coffee and so on.

2. Controlling salt excessive intake of sodium salt by human body is one of the factors leading to hypertension, so controlling salt intake can help reduce or stabilize blood pressure. Studies have shown that hypertension patients can effectively shrink their blood pressure if their daily salt intake is reduced from 10 grams to 5 grams.

3. Quitting smoking and drinking alcohol and tobacco are a risk factor of hypertension. Frequent smoking and drinking will increase the possibility of hypertension complicated with heart disease and cerebrovascular disease. In addition, alcohol will also reduce the reactivity of patients to antihypertensive drugs. Therefore, patients with hypertension should quit smoking and drinking, and people with difficulty in drinking should be restricted from drinking.

4. Diet is regular and quantitative for three meals a day. Do not overeat or overeat. The Daily recipe can be arranged as follows: 250-350g carbohydrate, 400-500g fresh vegetables, 100g fruit, 20-25g edible oil, 250g milk (ml), 3 portions of high protein food (each portion refers to: 50~100g lean meat, or 1 egg, or 100g tofu, or 100g chicken, duck, or 100g fish and shrimp. 4~5 eggs per week).

5. The hardness of scientific drinking water is closely related to the occurrence of hypertension. Studies have proved that hard water contains more calcium and magnesium ions, which are important regulatory substances involved in the contraction function of vascular smooth muscle cells. If lacking, it is easy to cause vascular spasm and eventually lead to blood pressure rise, therefore, for patients with hypertension, try to drink hard water, such as spring water, deep well water, natural mineral water, etc.

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