How to treat people with high blood pressure in three points and recuperate them in seven points ? Do 3 low , 2 more , 1 abstain , 2 limit .

Hypertension is an important risk factor for stroke, myocardial infarction, heart failure and chronic kidney disease. Rehabilitation of hypertensive patients should be based on the principle of "three points of treatment, seven points of recuperation". In addition to insisting on taking medication as prescribed by the doctor, self-care is an important part of preventing blood pressure from developing to the dangerous side. It is not easy for hypertensive patients to have a reasonable diet, because it means that they may have to change their eating habits for many years. Over the past 30 years of reform and opening up, people’s living standards have continued to improve. From the perspective of dietary structure, it has changed from a vegetarian diet of cereals to a refined meat diet. This is the key to a series of health problems. Therefore, changing dietary habits is crucial in preventing the occurrence of diseases and recovering from diseases. So, how do hypertensive patients adjust their diet? A reasonable and healthy diet mainly includes the following aspects, including 3 low, low calories, low salt, and low fat; 2 more, more vitamins, and more trace elements; 1 quit smoking; 2 limit, limit alcohol, and limit coffee . 1. Control calories and weight Obesity is one of the risk factors for hypertension, and the main cause of obesity is excessive calorie intake. Therefore, controlling calorie intake and maintaining ideal body weight are important measures to prevent and treat hypertension. If hypertensive patients want to effectively control their condition, they must learn to control dietary calories, gradually lose weight, and control their body mass index at 20-25. 2. Low-salt diet Reducing sodium intake can help lower blood pressure and reduce water and sodium retention in the body. Patients with hypertension should eat less salty foods, which is very beneficial to control the disease. The recommended salt intake is less than 6 grams per day for adults. Patients with hypertension should also eat more foods rich in potassium and magnesium. 3. Control dietary fat Too much lipids can increase the viscosity of the blood and cause greater resistance when the blood flows. As a result, the lateral pressure of the blood on the blood vessel wall will increase, thereby increasing blood pressure; excessive fat intake It can also make people obese, and obese people are prone to hypertension. Therefore, patients with high blood pressure should change their diet, eat less pork with high fat content, and eat more poultry and fish with high protein content but less fat content. The heat energy ratio of food fat should be controlled at about 25% of the whole day heat energy, and the highest should not exceed 30%. Animal fats contain high saturated fatty acids, which will increase the incidence of hypertension; while vegetable fats contain high unsaturated fatty acids, which can lower blood pressure and prevent stroke, so vegetable oil should be used instead of animal oil. 4. Quit smoking and limit alcohol Long-term smoking can cause blood pressure to rise through a variety of mechanisms. For hypertensive patients with smoking habit, it is often difficult to achieve satisfactory results with antihypertensive drugs. Patients with hypertension should quit smoking as soon as possible. Drinking a lot of alcohol can also increase blood pressure, and higher-degree liquor can cause blood pressure to increase frequently and severely. People who already suffer from high blood pressure can easily increase their blood pressure again if they drink too much alcohol; if they give up alcohol, their blood pressure will drop. For hypertensive patients who have a drinking habit, it is recommended that the daily drinking volume be halved, which can reduce systolic blood pressure. Of course, the effect of abstinence will be better. 5. Supplement vitamins and trace elements Patients with hypertension should eat more foods rich in vitamin C, such as vegetables and fruits. Recent studies have found that among elderly hypertensive patients, those with the highest blood vitamin C content have the lowest blood pressure. Researchers believe that vitamin C can protect arterial endothelial cells from harmful substances in the body. Calcium is an important nutrient for controlling high blood pressure. Some scholars have found that reducing the intake of calcium in the diet will cause blood pressure to rise. The study found that for every 100 mg increase in the average daily calcium intake, the systolic blood pressure decreased by 2.5 mm Hg and the diastolic blood pressure decreased by 1.3 mm Hg. In addition, potassium can lower blood pressure, and the hypotensive effect of potassium is greater than that of sodium. Many foods are rich in potassium, especially fresh fruits and vegetables, such as potatoes, sweet potatoes, asparagus, mushrooms, bananas, persimmons, mangoes, papaya, peaches, pomegranates, oranges, etc. Therefore, patients with high blood pressure should eat more fresh fruits and vegetables. If hypertensive patients have diabetes, control the intake of fruits with high sugar content. Fungus, kelp, seaweed, etc. are good choices. 6. Stay away from caffeine According to a report published in the American Journal of Hypertension, after drinking a cup of coffee, blood pressure can rise for up to 12 hours, especially when emotionally stressed. Therefore, patients with high blood pressure should stay away from caffeine. In short, for patients with hypertension, drug therapy only accounts for a part of it, and normal diet control and exercise therapy are equally important. Only by starting with a comprehensive management from life can satisfactory therapeutic effects be achieved.

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